If you have moved your website recently to newer hosting or updated your PHP version to 7.0, you may see the following error:
Your PHP installation appears to be missing the MySQL extension which is required by WordPress.
This is because your version of WordPress is out of date. Prior to version 3.9, WordPress would only check for the PHP "mysql" extension.
More recent versions of PHP now use mysqli and mysqlnd, since the old mysql extension has been deprecated since PHP 5.5 and now completely removed in PHP 7.0.
You need to update your website to the latest WordPress version. To do this, you may need to temporarily drop your PHP version back to something 5.6 or lower which will still have the old mysql extension.